Please prepare your manuscripts in English language. Either British and American English are accepted but be consistent in spelling and usage throughout the article and avoid mixing the both. Before submitting the papers, authors are strongly encouraged to conduct language editing by native level readers. This will make your paper processing time rather shorter.
Provide the following data on the title page.
Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formula where possible.
Author names and affiliations. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.
Abstract. A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length 200 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose the research, the principal results and major conclusions.
Keywords. Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of").
Subdivisions. Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1., 2., (then 1.1, 1.1.1, 1.1.2), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'.
Figures. High-resolution graphics files must also be provided separate from the main text file. Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.
Tables. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.
Footnotes. Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers. Many word-processors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves on a separate sheet at the end of the article. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.
Appendices. If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc.
Acknowledgement. Place acknowledgments, including information on grants received, before the references, in a separate section, and not as a footnote on the title page.
References. References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication. Click here to download the guideline for IJDS citation and reference style.