International Journal of Development and Sustainability
Volume 1, Number 1, June 2012, Page 57-78
ISSN:2186-8662 – www.isdsnet.com/ijds
What users said about urban green space: A challenge for building the resilient city of Banjarbaru, Indonesia
Krisdianto, Soemarno, Udiansyah and Bagyo Januwiadi
As providers of ecosystem services, green spaces within the city of Banjarbaru, Indonesia, have significant benefits for the wellbeing of residents. A case study examining user opinion regarding the importance of urban green space was conducted during the last three semesters of 2011-2012, with around 800 respondents participating in a 24-question interview. The users questioned expressed their opinion of existing green spaces and also gave suggestions as to how to sustainably manage green space for a resilient city. Direct observation of 46 green spaces was conducted to complement the interview data, with the variables observed including the presence of benches and tables, sports fields, running tracks and machines for physical exercise, as well as vegetation types and abundance. A synthesis analysis method was used both to elaborate respondents’ opinions and suggestions, green space condition and literature data, and to synthesise a conclusion from a social-ecological viewpoint. To summarise, although respondents were willing to support the creation of a resilient city through green space-based sustainable development, and enjoy spending their time doing activities in the provided green spaces, some had little experience of green city programmes, while others also believed that existing green spaces need to be better managed in order for their environmental, social and economic benefits to be developed.
Keywords: City greening; Resilience; Social capital; Urban green space